Orthodontics

INTRODUCTION
The word ‘Orthodontics’ originates from Latin words ‘’ortos’’that means to fix and ‘’dontos ‘’ that means tooth. Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention and correction of dentofacial misalignments. The aim of orthodontic treatment is to provide ideal dental-maxillo-facial aesthetics,function and smile by correcting teeth and jaw anomalies. Nowadays, because of the rising popularity of aesthetic concerns regarding dental and maxillofacial area, the number of orthodontic patients increase tremendously.
Orthodontic treatment lasts approximately 2-3 years, depending on the severity of the anomaly.The movement of the teeth in the jaw bone takes a long time since light forces are applied to the teeth.Appointments during the treatment is usually once a month.The cooperation of patient in using intraoral and extraoral appliances is very important for the success of treatment. Orthodontic treatment can be applied at any age in individuals with healthy teeth and gums. It is necessary to have an optimal oral care during the treatment.

HISTORY OF ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ORTHODONTICS
Orthodontics in Turkey firstly began in 1928 with the conferences given by Dr.Orhan Okyay who was the chief assistant in Istanbul University. In 1933, head of the Department of Orthodontics Ord. Prof. Dr. Alfred Kantorowicz and Assoc. Dr. Orhan Okyay began to lecture orthodontic courses. According to the Faculty Council’s decision in 1949, Conservative Dentisry, Dental Surgery, Prosthodontics and Orthodontics departments were established. In January 24, 1953, at the meeting of Medical Faculty Professors Board, orthodontics was accepted as a specialization branch.

EDUCATION
The lecturers of our department teach,
• Orthodontics lectures for the 3rd 4th and 5th grade undergraduate students
• Lectures for PhD students within the PhD program of I.U.Institute of Health Science
• Lectures for residency students within I.U. Faculty of Dentistry Advanced Speciality Education Program
• Lectures for Oral Health Program students of I.U.Health Services Vocational School
• Lectures for Dental Prothesis and Technology students of I.U.Health Services Vocational School

TREATMENTS PROVIDED IN OUR DEPARTMENT
• Orthodontic treatment with removable and fixed appliances
• Preoperative and postoperative orthodontic treatment for preparation for maxillofacial surgery and the correction of severe anomalies with the collaboration of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department
• Patients with congenital anomalies, syndromes and insufficient maxilla and mandibula are treated with an appliance with screw in order to expanse or elongate the jawbone(Distraction)
• Presurgical orthopedic treatment of cleft lip and palate infants: For infants with cleft palate, removable feeding plates are made for preparation of operation and make feeding easy. Also these plates help to form palate and nose.
• Lingual orthodontic treatment
• Orthodontic treatment with transparent removable appliances
• Treatment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea with removable appliances
• Orthodontic treatment before prosthetic treatment
• Treatment of the malocclusions caused by periodontal diseases
• Eruption of impacted teeth with orthodontic treatment
• Expansion of dental arch and jaw
• Preserving space for unerupted teeth, because of early extraction of primary teeth
• Follow up of retention after orthodontic treatment

APPLICATION FOR ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
In order to apply for orthodontic treatment in our department, patients have to be registered to the patient system of Dental Faculty of Istanbul University. After the first examination by the dentists at Oral Diagnosis and Radiology Department, if the patient’s oral hygiene is well enough to start his/her orthodontic treatment(no decay or periodontal diseases), patient is directed to our department. If the patient’s oral hygiene is poor to start orthodontic treatment, the patient should firstly move to other departments in order to have fillings, root canal treatment, periodontal treatment and other treatments he/she may need. After completing these procedures he/she will be examined in our clinic.
If the patient’s oral hygiene is well enough, orthodontists in our clinic inform the patient and/or his/her parents about orthodontic treatment procedure and price of material that they need; considering patients age and dentofacial deformity. An information form is given to the patient. If the patient and his/her family accept the conditions they are lined up for the treatment. Patients are informed via phone call; therefore they have to update their phone number when there is any change.
Due to the great number of patients waiting in line for the treatment in our department, the length of orthodontic treatment and lack of the official institutes offering orthodontic treatment service it takes a long time for the patients turn to come. Moreover besides orthodontic treatment there is academic work and educational schedule provided by our department.

BEGINNING OF THE TREATMENT
The appointment for orthodontic treatment is given to the patient whose turn come via phone call. If the patients’ treatment is not afforded by SSI he/she pays first instalment and the registration procedures begin on the next appointment. Treatment costs of patients who are over 18 years old are not afforded by SSI. All patients should afford their treatment materials costs.

ACADEMIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
Sönmez FIRATLI, DDS, PhD Professor
Yıldız ÖZTÜRK ORTAN, DDS, PhD Professor (Head of Department)
Nil CURA, DDS, PhD Professor
Hülya KILIÇOĞLU, DDS, PhD Professor
Gülnaz MARŞAN, DDS, PhD Professor
Evren ÖZTAŞ, DDS, PhD Assoc. Professor
Muhsin ÇİFTER, DDS, PhD Research Assistant
Özge EKMEN ÇAPAN, DDS, PhD Research Assistant
Deniz GÜMRÜ ÇELİKEL, DDS, PhD Research Assistant
Beyza TAĞRİKULU, DDS, PhD Research Assistant
Şerife KIRAN, DDS, Research Assistant
Nilüfer YILMAZ, DDS, Research Assistant
Rahim TALİBOV, DDS (PhD Program)
Boragh RAHİMİ, DDS (PhD Program)
Sevin EROL, DDS (PhD Program)
Mahmut DİKER, DDS (PhD Program)
Nida YAMAN ZEREN, DDS (PhD Program)
Ayşenur BATU GÜNEY, DDS (PhD Program)
Caner BALTA, DDS (PhD Program)
Eda ERORTA, DDS (PhD Program)
Rümeysa BAŞER, DDS (PhD Program)
Serhan OKUTAN, DDS (PhD Program)
Ebrahim ALİ MOHAMMED, DDS (PhD Program)
Hatice BAHÇE MEMİŞ, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Ceren ÇETİNKAYA, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Begüm OKATAN, DDS (PhD Program)
İrem TOKGÖZ, DDS (PhD Program)
Burak AYDİL, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Mehmet Engin BASMACI, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Nazlı AKÇAY, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Melike TOKMAK, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Esin SARIKAYA, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Neslihan ERDOĞAN, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Hafize Zeynep GÜR, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Burcu GÜZEL, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Cansın KUTAY, DDS (PhD Program)
Pınar ÜNLÜ, DDS (PhD Program)
Hande UZUNÇIBUK, DDS (PhD Program)
İpek TAMER, DDS (PhD Program)
Sevde ŞİRİKCİ, DDS (PhD Program)
Muhammed Fatih ERDOĞAN, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Gamze ÖNEY, DDS (Advanced Speciality Education Program)
Secretary Nesrin YURDAKUL
Registrar Elif YASTI
X-ray Technician Hamit DEMİR
X-ray Technician Aylin SELİMOĞLU
Laboratory Technician Bayram ACAR
Laboratory Technician Sevgi PUR

Nurse Meliha ÖZTÜRK
Nurse Ferah ŞEN
Nurse Yeşim BOZDOĞAN

HONORARY PROFFESSORS
ORHAN OKYAY, DDS, PhD Professor
FİLİZ PERKÜN, DDS, PhD Professor
OĞUZ BAZ, DDS, PhD Professor
YUSUF NEDRET GÜRSOY, DDS, PhD Professor
NECLA ENÜNLÜ, DDS, PhD Professor
TÜRKÖZ UĞUR, DDS, PhD Professor
EMİNE SANAY GÜRSOY, DDS, PhD Assoc. Professor
ERKUT YILDIRIM, DDS, PhD Professor
MUSTAFA ÜLGEN, DDS, PhD Professor
GÜLİZAR MELEK YILDIRIM, DDS, PhD Professor
Müyesser SARAÇ, DDS, PhD Professor
Elif ERBAY, DDS, PhD Professor

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